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ADDITIONAL UNIT INFORMATION
*this information is in no way complete nor up to date
The ''1st Infantry Division'' of the United States Army nicknamed the ''Big Red One'' after its shoulder patchis the oldest continuously serving Division (military) in the American Army. The division's motto is "Duty First", with unofficial, but frequently used additional motto of "No Mission Too Difficult, No Sacrifice Too Great", and often a combination of "No Mission Too Difficult, No Sacrifice Too Great - Duty First",
===World War I===
The ''First Expeditionary Division'', later designated the 1st Infantry Division, was organized in May 1917 under the command of Brigadier General William L. Sibert, from Army units then in service on the U.S.-Mexico border and at various Army posts throughout the United States.
The first units sailed from New York, New York.
On the 4th of July, the 2nd Battalion, U.S. 16th Infantry Regiment, the First Expeditionary Division was redesignated as the First Infantry Division.
On the morning of October 23, the first American shell of the war was sent screaming toward Germany lines by a First Division artillery unit. Two days later, the 2-16th Inf., suffered the first American casualties of the war.
By April 1918, the Germans had pushed to within 40 miles of Paris. In reaction to this thrust, the ''Big Red One'' moved into the Picardy Sector to bolster the exhausted French First Army. To the Division's front lay the small village of Cantigny, situated on the high ground overlooking a forested countryside. The U.S. 28th Infantry Regiment, and within 45 minutes captured it along with 250 German soldiers. It was the first American victory of the war. The 28th was thereafter named the "Black Lions of Cantigny".
Soissons was taken by the First Division in July 1918. The Soissons victory was costly700 men were killed or wounded. The First Infantry helped to clear the Battle of Saint-Mihiel into occupied Germany.
By the end of the war, the Division had suffered 22,668 casualties and boasted five Medal of Honor recipients.
=== World War II ===
In World War II, the division landed in Oran, Algeria as part of Operation Torch. Elements then took part in seesaw combat at Maktar, Medjez el Bab, Kasserine Pass, Gafsa, El Guettar, Béja, and Mateur, 21 January – 9 May 1943, helping secure Tunisia.
In July, 1943 it took part in Operation Husky in Sicily under the command of Major General Terry de la Mesa Allen. It was assigned to U.S. II Corps. On 7 August 1943, command was assumed by Major General Clarence R. Huebner.
When that campaign was over, the Division returned to England to prepare for the Normandy invasion. It was the division that stormed Omaha Beach on D-Day, some units suffering 30 percent casualties in the first hour, and secured Formigny and Caumont in the beachhead. The Division followed up the St. Lo break-through with an attack on Marigny, 27 July 1944, and then drove across France in a continuous offensive, reaching the German border at Aachen in September. The Division laid siege to Aachen, taking the city after a direct assault, 21 October 1944. The First then attacked east of Aachen Battle of Hurtgen Forest, when the war in Europe ended.
During the Korean War, the Big Red One was serving as an occupation force in Germany, and discouraging any Soviet designs on Europe.
In 1955 the division colors left Germany and were relocated to Fort Riley, Kansas.
The division fought in the Vietnam War from 1965 to 1970.
Arriving in July of 1965, the division began combat operations within two weeks. By the end of 1965 the Division had participated in three major operations: Hump, Bushmaster I and Bushmaster II, under the command of MG Jonathan O. Seaman.
In 1966 the division took part in Operations Marauder, Crimp II, and Rolling Stone in the early part of the year. In March, MG William E. DePuy took command. In June and July the division took part in the battles of Ap Tau O, Srok Dong and Minh Thanh Road. In November thay participated in Operation Attleboro.
1967 saw the 1st I.D. in Operations Cedar Falls, Junction City, Manhattan, and Shenandoah II. MG John H. Hay assumed command in February.
1968 would see the division involved in the Tet Offensive, securing the massive Tan Son Nhut Air Base. In March, MG Keith L. Ware took command. That same month the division took part in Operation Quyet Thang (Resolve to Win), April would see the division participate in the largest operation in the Vietnam conflict, Operation Toan Thang (Certain Victory). On 13 September, the Division Commander, MG Ware, was killed in action when his command helicopter was shot down by hostile fire. MG Orwin C. Talbott moved up from his position of Assistant Division Commander to assume command of the Division.
In the first half of 1969, The Big Red One conducted reconnaissance-in-force and ambush operations, including a multi-divisional operation, Atlas Wedge, and participated in the Battles of An Loc. The last part of the year saw the division take part in "Dong Tien" (Progress Together) operations. These operations were intended to assist South Vietnamese forces to take a more active in combat. In August MG A. E Milloy took command of the 1st I.D. while the division took part in battles along National Highway 13, known as "Thunder Road" to the end of the year.
In January 1970 it was announced that the division would return to Fort Riley.
===First Gulf War===
The division, commanded by Major General Thomas G. Rhame, also participated in Operation Desert Storm. It was responsible for the initial breach of the Iraqi defenses, consequently rolling over the Iraqi 26th Infantry Division and taking 2,600 prisoners of war. The Big Red One continued with the subsequent 260 kilometer assault on enemy-held territory over 100 hours, engaging eleven Iraqi divisions, destroying 550 enemy tanks, 480 armored personnel carriers and taking 11,400 prisoners. By the early morning of February 28, 1991, the division had taken of position along the Highway of Death, preventing any Iraqi retreat. The division's 2nd_Brigade_(US_1st_Infantry_Division), which was to be the site for the permenant cease-fire negotioations.
In 1996 the division colors were relocated to the German city of Würzburg.
As of 2004, the division is headquartered at Leighton Barracks in Würzburg, Germany, but has been sent to Iraq, where it relieved as part of 2003 invasion of Iraq, and has returned to its home in Germany.
In 2006 the division will be withdrawn from Germany back to the US.